How To Make An Epic Garden

Planning Your Garden

There are a number of garden websites and blogs that provide expert advice for planning your vegetable garden. The New Zealand climate is in a temperate zone which means that we can grow vegetables all year around, taking care with the types of vegetables and varieties more suited to the autumn or spring planting.

 

Garden Preparation

Summer is often too hot and plants bolt with not enough water and too much heat. Plants grow very slowly and some are dormant in winter when the soil temperature drops. Winter is a good time to plan your garden – stay inside and plan. However, you can easily lose precious nutrients from the soil when winter rain washes them away. For that reason, it is a good idea to plant a green manure crop or mulch the garden to protect the soil.

There are a number of green cover crops such as peas and broad beans. They fix the nitrogen in the soil by putting it back into the plant. In early spring, dig in the cover crop and this adds lots of goodness and nutrients (food) back into the soil for planted, particularly those that are considered to be ‘heavy feeders’.

For more tips on garden preparation, click here.

 

Rotating Crops

The principle behind rotating crops is to avoid planting vegetable in the same bed year after year to avoid pests and diseases. and to ensure that there is enough nutrients in the soil for the next crop. Some plants like potatoes and tomatoes are susceptible to blight disease. Some plants are light feeders and others are heavy feeders. By planting a light feeder crop after the heavy feeder crop, allows the soil to recover. Most plants benefit by the addition of compost and fertiliser that adds extra nutrients to the soil. The compost also aerates the soil by allowing extra air between soil particles.

Watch this video on how to rotate crops:

 

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